It’s time for Indonesia to redefine how geospatial data is governed

The Geospatial Information Agency (BIG), in partnership with ICLEI-Local Governments for Sustainability Indonesia, Lokahita, and the Indonesian Association of Urban and Regional Planners (IAP), hosted the last webinar of the four-part webinar series on urban development data governance on 29 January 2021. The webinar was attended by various stakeholders including policymakers, decision-makers at national and local levels, academics, and practitioners from industry, NGOs, and the private sectors in the field of urban development and geospatial information.

“I would like to emphasize the importance of One Data in making processes of the right policy and also in building trust in the data released by the government, including societal and international stakeholders”, Indonesia President Joko Widodo emphasized during his speech in the Limited Meeting with Institutional Leaders on 2 June 2020. This directs BIG, as a geospatial data advisor and one of steering committees of Indonesian One Data Policy, to redefine geospatial data governance.

Mr. Aris Haryanto, Coordinator of Institutional Arrangement and Geospatial Networking Code, Geospatial Information Agency, presents the long history of the digital mapping project that began in 1980..Thirty years later, geospatial data is taking an important role to support the implementation of Indonesia’s One Data Policy issued in 2019.

But how can geospatial data be better governed? This last webinar helped to fill the identified gap by proposing several recommendations and considerations for BIG and relevant stakeholders:

Governance #1: Harmonizing the existing local and national regulations.

At the local level, the Ministry of Home Affairs Regulation No. 70 of 2019 on Regional Government Information Systems (RGIS) should be harmonized with three regulations at the national level, namely: (a) Presidential Regulation No. 27 of 2014 on National Geospatial Information Networking; (b) Presidential Regulation No. 9 of 2016 on Accelerating the Implementation of the One Map Policy; and (c) Presidential Regulation No. 39 of 2019 on Indonesian One Data Policy. This is highly recommended because classification, codification, and nomenclature of local fiscal data is not yet there to perform geospatial information in the RGIS.

Governance #2: Strengthening the role of the Center for Geospatial Information Infrastructure Development (PPIIG) at local universities.

BIG does not have representative offices in regional areas. Instead, BIG is working closely with PPIIG by adopting tripartite cooperation between BIG (national), PPIIG (academics), and local governments to spur the optimization of regional geospatial networking nodes. The role of the PPIIG is not only to bridge communication between BIG and local governments but also to provide technical assistance and inputs.

Governance #3: Administering the action plans on reference code, priority data checking, and coaching.

Administering the action plans not only secures quality geospatial data management but also provides, at the very least, technical instructions and capacity building. Moreover, it drives better sharing and dissemination of geospatial data nationally and locally, including to the external partners as response to Indonesian Open Government.

Governance #4: Pulling off collaboration, best practices, and data as assets.

The preparation of planning documents—such as strategic environmental assessment (SEA), regional mid-term development plan, regional spatial plan, and detailed spatial plan—are often hampered by spatial data infrastructure, namely institutions, human resources, standards, data and systems. Collaborating, focusing on best practices, and treating data as assets rather than business-as-usual aspects are expected to strengthen the spatial data infrastructure.

Governance #5: Supporting smart and resilient cities with digital triplet-based data.

Representation of a 3D map with three principles, namely rights, restrictions, and responsibilities (3D-RRRs or Digital Triplet) shows the existence of legal objects and an updated system. It supports Online Single Submission (OSS) to improve the investment climate and the amendment of Omnibus Law on Job Creation No.11 of 2020. It should also be noted that in its inclusiveness, the flow of information must be a two-way approach, meaning that there is participation from the wider community that can be done through dialogue or discussion. Of course, in this process, it becomes important to use terminology or language that is easily understood by the public.

Mr. Agung Indrajit of Geospatial Information Agency (BIG), shared the definition of “inclusiveness” in the context of a resilient city from ARUP, 2014 as a system that recognizes contributions and participation of communities in times of disasters. Ensuring inclusiveness in Indonesia’s One Data Policy will help establish two-way flow of information.

Improving urban development data governance requires combined efforts among stakeholders, and in some cases necessitates new regulations for a more cohesive approach. The Indonesian Government should consider public-private-partnerships in data generation and know how it will improve data governance.

More Stories:

Development Data Governance Webinar Series: Driving Indonesia’s One Data Policy

ICLEI Indonesia webinar tackles challenges and opportunities in urban development data governance

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