Data is key to inclusive and sustainable Indonesian urban development

ICLEI-Local Governments for Sustainability Indonesia, supported by Geospatial Information Agency (BIG), Lokahita, and Indonesian Association of Urban and Regional Planners (IAP), led the second webinar of the Development Data Governance Webinar Series last 6 January 2021.

The webinar was attended by policymakers, decision-makers at national and local levels, academics, development practitioners, NGOs, and the private sector in the fields of urban development and geospatial information.

The goal of the webinar was to capture data and information required by end-users for the development of inclusive and sustainable Indonesian urban areas.

UNPACKING END-USER DATA NEEDS

Panelists for the second webinar included Ari Mochamad, Country Manager of ICLEI Indonesia; Hendricus Andy Simarmata, IAP Chairman; and Dian Afriyanie, Co-founder and Senior Researcher of Lokahita. The panelists enumerated the data needed by end-users to formulate and develop urban low emissions development strategies, detailed spatial planning and zoning regulation (DSP-ZR), and strategic environment assessment (SEA) of DSP-ZR. They also discussed the information required to support the inclusive and sustainable Indonesian urban development.

Urban low emission development strategies. In line with the implementation of Urban-LEDS II project in Indonesia, Mr. Mochamad highlighted the urgency to embed climate actions into the city development planning. An example of this is the completion of the city’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions inventory that provides opportunities for generating robust city-level climate data. Additionally crucial are climate hazard components that are processed to develop a climate risk and vulnerability assessment (CRVA) in line with the Ministry of Environment and Forestry Regulation No. 7 of 2018.

These will determine the level of data to be gathered vis-a-vis data availability and accessibility, along with the capacity of the cities to undertake data collection activities for both internal and external data sources. Deliverables of GHG inventory and CRVA will then be used as reference to identify the proposed climate actions plan by using a climate change co-benefit approach.

Detailed spatial planning and zoning regulation (DSP-ZR). As an urban planner, Mr. Simarmata expressed that 3D Interactive Zoning Map (visuals) and the availability of geospatial data Y-1, detailed subsurface geological surveys, disaster and environmental studies, and potential economic feasibility are mandatory parameters for formulating DSP-ZR. This is in line with the Amended Omnibus Law on Job Creation No. 11 year 2020 where “Microscale (urban) space shall be limited to at least 2,500 Ha (5 km x 5 km) in order to display data detail, analysis depth, and planning costs,” he added.

Strategic environment assessment (SEA) of DSP-ZR. SEA is embedded into DSP-ZR. Detailed maps such as (a) base maps for SEA; (b) thematic maps for basic and analysis; and (c) synthesis thematic maps should be created together with other physical data points. Mrs. Afriyanie also commented that 3D maps are a minimum requirement to compile SEA of DSP-ZR, providing minimum accuracy and level of detail (LoD-1) needed for a complete assessment.

Mr. Tommy Alfianto, Acting Head of Environment Agency of Balikpapan City, shares the city’s experiences in the formulation processes of city development planning. He suggested that it is necessary to have uniformity in indicators and parameters, particularly similarity in application format on data and information collection, that are mutually agreed upon locally and nationally.

END-USER EXPECTATIONS

As data drives city development, local governments should encourage urban development data governance. The experiences and lessons learned from data and information collection were shared by the cities of Balikpapan and Bogor, local government representative and Urban-LEDS II model cities, during the panel session. Both cities agreed that scarcity of data is there, and gaps between data availability and needs are wide.

To this end, dialogues and multi-stakeholder consultations should be carried continuously.  Data governance should be tackled through a combined effort from any government level, external partners, and end-users alike.

Learn more about the Development Data Governance Webinar Series HERE.

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