ICLEI – Local Governments for Sustainability Indonesia Office, in partnership with Geospatial Information Agency (BIG), Lokahita and Indonesian Association of Urban and Regional Planners (IAP), virtually kicked-off a four-part dialogue series on data governance development on 29 September 2020. The dialogue series ran from September to December 2020 and gathered experts from national and local governments, the academia, civil society organizations, and the private sector to discuss key data issues in formulating and implementing development programs.
Conditions and Progress of Development Data Collection in Indonesia
The Government of Indonesia issued the one data policy through Presidential Regulation No. 39 of 2019 to produce accurate, timely, integrated, and accessible data for national and local development. The steering committee, which is composed of six ministries, will oversee and monitor the implementation of the policy and consolidate all the needed information and data.
Showcasing the current conditions and modalities is the first step to establishing a robust baseline which will provide evidence-based support for data policy intervention. Reflection and retrospection represented by four data and information centers respectively from the Ministry of National Development Planning/Bappenas, the Ministry of Public Work and Housing, the Ministry of Agrarian Affairs and Spatial Planning/BPN and the Ministry of Home Affairs provided recommendations to the steering committee in establishing a baseline that is needed for local and national development.
Mr. Nazib Faizal, Head of Data and Information Center of the Ministry of Public Work and Housing, proposed three strategies to redefine data governance: (1) better internal and external data sharing; (2) capacity building for data personnel; and (3) availability of data to facilitate decision making.
“Loss of momentum in response to slow data availability occurs frequently. Therefore, it is necessary to simplify the administrative procedures for accessing data”, he added.
Some takeaways from the first webinar include:
- Strengthening data governance, including geospatial data needs, for the development of inclusive and sustainable urban needs to pay attention to the efficiency of data provision and utilization;
- Data and information services must be transformed from old ways (transformative) and analysed from various sources (innovative) to lead digitalization (adaptive) and oriented to end user needs;
- Digitalization leadership is needed to respond to the Industrial 4.0 era and retain cultural indicators;
- The institutional architecture needs to place an agency that is not ad-hoc in nature. An institution that has capacity and can act as the locomotive of national development and has room to intervene in local development, which is the Ministry of National Development Planning/Bappenas, can be assigned as the coordinator; and
- The Ministry of National Development Planning/Bappenas, the Ministry of Public Work and Housing, the Ministry of Agrarian Affairs and Spatial Planning/BPN and the Ministry of Home Affairs as the data producer particularly for geospatial data should input their data into one platform to be effective and efficient.
The Urban-LEDS phase II project recognizes that development data governance is one of the key drivers in strengthening vertical integration . The project’s next webinar topic will unpack the challenges and opportunities on data governance for the development of inclusive and sustainable urban areas.