Climate change co-benefit approach opens doors for low emission development and climate resilience in Balikpapan and Bogor

ICLEI Indonesia last 12 January 2021 hosted a webinar that ensured that the the final drafts of the Urban Low-Emissions Development Strategies (Urban-LEDS II) Climate Action Plans of Balikpapan and Bogor are aligned with the country’s national development agenda.

Entitled “Co-benefits of Urban Low Emission Development and Climate Resilience in the Mid-term Development Planning for Urban-LEDS II Model Cities,” the webinar aimed to ascertain the CAPs’ potential positive impacts on the Urban-LEDS II Model Cities.

HOW THE URBAN-LEDS II CAPS WERE FORMULATED

The cities of Balikpapan and Bogor, supported by ICLEI and various experts and consultants, formulated the final draft of CAPs by adopting ICLEI’s Green Climate Cities Methodology.

Specifically, the team used a climate change co-benefit approach to formulate the CAPs. This transformative, effective, and efficient approach integrating climate change adaptation and mitigation actions into joint activities done in consideration of other development agendas in order to benefit the wider community.

Ultimately, the proposed CAPs drive the city’s low emission development by reducing GHG emissions from the top three contributing sectors, namely energy (including transportation), waste, and agriculture, forestry, and other land use (AFOLU). As part of a holistic low emission development in the partner cities, the proposed CAPs shall also enhance their climate resilience and facilitate achievement of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals.

FAST FORWARD TO DECISIVE CLIMATE ACTIONS

Both model cities plan to embed the Urban-LEDS II CAPs into their respective city development plans.

Bogor City Vice Mayor Dedie Rachim shared that the city is committed to improving its climate and environmental actions to support the national government.

Bogor City Vice Mayor Dedie Rachim stated that light-rail transit and tram transportation projects are being reviewed to address city congestion, mobilize private-to-public transportation movement, and improve urban air quality. Rachim is also eyeing the development of 58 hectares of land in the West Bogor area into the city’s second botanical garden. This will further help sequester the city’s carbon emissions and protect its urban biodiversity.

Meanwhile, Tommy Alfianto, Acting Head of the Environmental Agency of Balikpapan City, said that the city will remain committed to be free of coal mine areas, safeguarding 52% of the total land area as natural reserves in the next five years. Furthermore, he added that the city will mobilize greater community actions through Kampung Iklim (Climate Village), a program of adaptation and mitigation actions at the community level developed by the Ministry of Environment and Forestry. According to Alfianto, other means to lead Balikpapan City toward resilience include optimizing methane-capture (manure and landfill) facilities, harvesting rainwater, and expanding mangrove forest sites.

OUTLOOK FROM THE NATIONAL GOVERNMENT

The webinar was attended by other representatives from Urban-LEDS cities and several national government agencies. Additionally, invited participants from city governments of Bogor and Balikpapan, and key national government agencies discussed the co-benefits approach in mainstreaming low emission development and climate resilience during the formulation of the local mid-term development plan.

On behalf of the Ministry of Home Affairs, Mr. Jiwa Muhammad, Youth Policy Analyst, shared the perspectives of the national government on sustainable development. He affirmed that the climate change interventions should harmonize the programs and activities contained in the Ministry of Home Affairs’ Regulation No. 90 of 2019 on Development Planning Classification, Codification, and Nomenclature for tracking, reporting, and monitoring. In addition, Mr. Muhammad stated that “low emission urban development is not only the task of the government but of the whole of society, including the public and the private sector.

In the context of financing climate projects, Mr. Joko Tri Haryanto, Senior Researcher in the Fiscal Policy Agency of the Ministry of Finance, strongly emphasized that climate funding should be a cross-sectoral cost. Additionally, he suggested the national indicators, such as the Environmental Quality Index, need to be considered as part of the key performance indicators of CAPs.

At this moment, Balikpapan City is taking into account the Urban-LEDS II CAP as a reference in the process of finalizing the 2021-2025 final draft of city mid-term development planning/RPJMD. On the other hand, Bogor City is revising the 2019-2024 RPJMD t by embedding the Urban-LEDS II CAP.

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