Jakarta, Indonesia – ICLEI Indonesia Foundation in collaboration with the President’s Special Envoy for Climate Change and the Provincial Government of DKI Jakarta organized a Cities and Regions Talanoa Dialogue and the Ambitious City Promises (ACP) Experts and National Meeting last 5-6 March 2018.
The event, attended by more than 50 representatives from national and local governments, non-government organizations (NGO), and other sectors, served as a platform for multi-stakeholder dialogue on achieving Indonesia’s target greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reduction by 2030 based on the country’s Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC). Indonesia aims for a 29% GHG emission reduction (business as usual scenario) by 2030. GHG reduction target can be increased by as much as 41% with support from the international community.
The Cities and Regions Talanoa dialogue aims to be a model of conversation to discuss how to deliver and raise ambitions for NDC achievement. It also comes with a goal to facilitate integrated decisions and programs across levels of the government and develop resources to support climate action. The Talanoa dialogue is a mandated process agreed upon by parties during COP 23 in Bonn, Germany. Through this, Parties can take stock of their collective efforts to reduce emissions as well as to provide basis for updating their NDCs by 2020.
Organized as part of the Ambitious City Promises project, the two-day activity also included a meeting among experts from the Seoul Metropolitan Government (SMG) as well as DKI Jakarta and satellite cities: Bekasi and Tangerang.
National and local governments seek ways to harmonize climate action
The Cities and Regions Talanoa dialogue surfaced three important takeaways: 1) commitments from different sectors towards achieving the country’s NDC is imperative; 2) challenges towards mainstreaming climate change issues have to be dealt with at the city level; 3) climate change-related strategies and programs should be effectively monitored.
Based on the discussions, challenges in mainstreaming climate actions included policy gaps, specifically the lack of national policies that local governments can use as the basis in crafting their local and regional ordinances and laws. Participants also reported that cross-sectoral coordination has to be improved and that resources, including financing mechanisms, should be made more accessible to local governments.
In terms of monitoring and evaluation, the national government needs to enhance its policies and programs on capacity building and community involvement. These are deemed essential in developing regional development plans that take into account GHG inventories and context-based GHG emissions reduction strategies.
Coordination among government levels is also necessary for a more robust measurement, reporting, and verification (MRV) system. As such, knowledge management was identified as a communal effort not only by the government but by other sectors such as the academe, NGOs, and local communities.
DKI Jakarta Governor commits to low emission development
At the end of this activity, ICLEI and SMG met the Governor and officials of DKI Jakarta to converse about the strategic steps that the city is envisioning to take to mainstream the low emission urban development agenda and how to effectively build cooperation between DKI Jakarta and SMG.
“I’m glad we can all be here together. I understand that we are facing challenges but our political will is strong,” stated Anies Baswedan, Governor of DKI Jakarta.
During the meeting, DKI Jakarta officials and representatives of Seoul agreed that as megacities, Jakarta and Seoul are facing similar challenges when it comes to urban development. This lays a strong framework for continued and improved city-to-city cooperation as both cities express their commitment and support to this partnership.
DKI Jakarta serves as the model city of the Ambitious City Promises project in Indonesia. The Ambitious City Promises is a 3.5-year regional project supporting cities in Indonesia, Philippines, and Vietnam to operationalize local climate action through an active and inclusive stakeholder engagement strategy. It is funded by the International Climate Initiative (IKI) of the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU).
Drawing inspiration from the “Promise of Seoul,” a mitigation plan with the aim to reduce 20 million tons of GHG emissions by 2030, the project provides a platform for city-to-city cooperation and knowledge exchange with SMG.