Yayasan ICLEI Indonesia, in cooperation with World Wildlife Fund and Association of Indonesian Municipalities (APEKSI), successfully held the Sustainable Urban Mobility: Realizing Low Emission Urban Development last December 14, 2017, in Jakarta, Indonesia.
The workshop, which brought forth the Declaration of Agreement on Sustainable Urban Mobility Development, aimed to scale up discussions on sustainable urban mobility as a way to address prolonged traffic congestion and GHG emission for Indonesian cities.
Fifty-five representatives from 15 local governments, national government agencies, NGO, academe, and others were present at the event.
Interim Country Manager of ICLEI SEAS Indonesia, Ms. Gina Karina, shared the Eco-Mobility concept as developed by ICLEI. Mr. Satya Pratama from the Ministry of Transportation gave a brief overview of national policies on sustainable transportation development. Researcher and urban planner Mr. Marco Kusumawijaya provided technical insights on urban spatial planning strategy while Mr. Endang Hidayat of the Ministry of Environment and Forestry talked about national policies concerning air pollution.
A discussion facilitated by Mr. Ahmad Safrudin from the KPBB had experts from various backgrounds share their thoughts on sustainable urban mobility. Mr. Tory Damantoro from the Transportation Study Institute (INSTRAIN) reflected on the role that local governments play in the application of Eco-Mobility concepts. Building on this, Mr. Udaya Laksmana from the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy (ITDP) explained how Eco-mobility can be integrated into the local development planning process. Lastly, Mr. Alfred Sitorus of the Pedestrian Coalition Community presented on the existing conditions for pedestrians’ right of way in major thoroughfares in the cities.
Mr. Budi Krisyanto, Head of Climate Change APEKSI Working Group and representative of Probolinggo City, captured salient points of the discussions and underscored that sustainable urban mobility should be a priority area for cities. In this vein, APEKI should encourage local governments to successfully integrate this into their local development plans.
Footprint Campaign Coordinator from WWF Indonesia, Ms. Margareth Meutia, highlighted the need for transportation planning that focuses on improving non-motorized mobility. Ms. Gina Karina of Yayasan ICLEI Indonesia noted that local governments can contribute immensely to national GHG emission reduction through sustainable and low emission urban mobility development. She shared that planning for Eco-mobility should focus on the citizens and not on vehicles. Non-motorized options such as walking and cycling should be optimized and public transport such as BRT, MRT, and LRT should be accessible, safe, and efficient.
In the end, the day’s fruitful proceedings produced three key recommendations:
- National, provincial, and local governments should integrate sustainable urban mobility into their national and local development plans.
- Working groups dedicated to low-emission urban development should be present at both national and local level. In this vein, capacity development for national and local government officials are imperative as well as access to funding and support from third-party organizations such as the private sector.
- Lastly, citizens should be encouraged to leave their private cars behind and opt for mass public transport options. An incentivization scheme might be put in place to achieve this.